Author(s): Bruschi ML, de Freitas O
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Abstract The oral mucosal cavity is a feasible, safe, and very attractive site for drug delivery with good acceptance by users. The mucosa is relatively permeable and robust, shows short recovery times after stress or damage, is tolerant to potential allergens, and has a rich blood supply. Moreover, oral mucosal drug delivery bypasses the first-pass effect and avoids presystemic elimination in the gastrointestinal tract. Bioadhesive systems provide intimate contact between a dosage form and the absorbing tissue, which may result in high concentration in a local area and hence high drug flux through the absorbing tissue. The efficacy of oral bioadhesive drug delivery systems is affected by the biological environment and the properties of the polymer and the drug. In the present paper, we review systematically some relevant citations regarding the environment, strategies for oral drug delivery and evaluation, and utilization of the main polymers.
This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability