alexa Oral bioavailability of digoxin is enhanced by talinolol: evidence for involvement of intestinal P-glycoprotein.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Westphal K, Weinbrenner A, Giessmann T, Stuhr M, Franke G,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Recent data indicated that disposition of oral digoxin is modulated by intestinal P-glycoprotein. The cardioselective beta-blocker talinolol has been described to be secreted by way of P-glycoprotein into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract after oral and intravenous administration. We therefore hypothesized that coadministration of digoxin and talinolol may lead to a drug-drug interaction based on a competition for intestinal P-glycoprotein. METHODS: Pharmacokinetics of digoxin (0.5 mg orally), talinolol (30 mg intravenously and 100 mg orally), and digoxin plus talinolol orally, as well as digoxin plus talinolol intravenously, were assessed in five male and five female healthy volunteers (age range, 23 to 30 years; body weight, 60 to 95 kg) in a changeover study with at least a 7-day washout period. Digoxin and talinolol were analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay and HPLC, respectively. RESULTS: Oral coadministration of 100 mg talinolol increased the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) from 0 to 6 hours and the AUC from 0 to 72 hours of digoxin significantly by 18\% and 23\%, respectively (5.85+/-1.49 versus 7.22+/-1.29 ng x h/mL and 23.0+/-3.3 versus 27.1+/-3.7 ng x h/mL, for both P<.05) and the maximum serum levels by 45\%. Renal clearance and half-life of digoxin remained unchanged. Coinfusion of 30 mg talinolol with oral digoxin had no significant effects on digoxin pharmacokinetics. Digoxin did not affect the disposition of talinolol after both oral and intravenous administration. CONCLUSION: We observed a significantly increased bioavailability of digoxin with oral coadministration of talinolol, which is most likely caused by competition for intestinal P-glycoprotein. This article was published in Clin Pharmacol Ther and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords