Author(s): Khandekar PS, Bagdey PS, Tiwari RR
Research Question: What is the profile of oral cancer cases reported in the hospital? Objective : To study the profile of the oral cancer cases associated with it. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Setting : Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur Participants : 80 cases of oral cancer reported in the Government Dental College and Hospital Nagpur during 1998-2000 Study Variables : Demographic characteristics, oral cancer characteristics, tobacco use Statistical Analysis: percentages, proportions Results : Majority of the subjects included in the study belonged to 51-60 years age group. Most of the subjects belonged to lower middle and upper lower socio-economic scale according to modified Kuppuswamy’s socio-economic scale. It was found that the 57 (71.3%) subjects consumed tobacco in the form of betel quid or khaini and 31 (63.3%) males were tobacco smokers in the form of cigarettes and bidis. Alveolus was the common site of oral cancer being present in 55% of the subjects. Histo-pathologically 22 cases were diagnosed as verrucous carcimonma, 27 cases as well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 16 cases as moderately differentiated squamous cell carcimonma and 15 cases as poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 16 cases as moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and 15 cases as poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusion: In the present study, majority of the cases were squamous cell carcinomas and were presented in the advanced stages of the disease.