alexa Oral health and pathology: a macrophage account.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Merry R, Belfield L, McArdle P, McLennan A, Crean S,

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Abstract Macrophages are present in healthy oral mucosa and their numbers increase dramatically during disease. They can exhibit a diverse range of phenotypes characterised as a functional spectrum from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory (regulatory) subsets. This review illustrates the role of these subsets in the oral inflammatory disease lichen planus, and the immunosuppressive disease oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We conclude that the role of macrophages in driving progression in oral disease identifies them as potential therapeutic targets for a range of oral pathologies. Copyright © 2011 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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