Author(s): Subramaniam P, Gupta M
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Abstract Autism is one of the most severe childhood neuropsychiatric disorders. Autistic individuals are characterized by impairment in social interaction with a restricted range of interests and often, stereotyped repetitive behaviors. Studies on oral health conditions in children with autism are sparse. The complicated disability itself makes clinical research difficult. AIM: The need for baseline information regarding the oral health status of children with autism is essential. METHOD: The present study assessed the oral health status of 106 autistic children aged 4 to 15 years in Bangalore city, India. The dental caries was recorded according to the WHO criteria; oral hygiene was assessed using the oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) and its modification for deciduous dentition. The behavior of children towards dental treatment was also assessed using the Frankel's behavior rating scale. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis. RESULTS: showed that caries experience among autistic children was lower; however they were found to have more debris and calculus deposits. CONCLUSIONS: Negative behavior towards dental treatment was seen in autistic children.
This article was published in J Clin Pediatr Dent
and referenced in Autism-Open Access