alexa Oral lesions associated with HIV infection before and during the antiretroviral therapy era in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Loureno AG, Motta AC, Figueiredo LT, Machado AA, Komesu MC, Loureno AG, Motta AC, Figueiredo LT, Machado AA, Komesu MC

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Abstract We estimated the prevalence of oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-OLs) before and during the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era. The first period was 1997, when many patients received two types of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. The second study period was 2004 through 2008, when all patients were treated with ART (a combination of two or three classes of drugs, including protease inhibitors). A total of 148 and 388 seropositive participants were examined in 1997 and 2004-2008, respectively. The evaluation consisted of anamnesis and physical examination. The prevalence of HIV-OLs decreased between 1997 (60.1\%) and 2004-2008 (29.9\%). The HIV-OL responsible for the greatest reduction in prevalence between the two periods was oral candidiasis, of which erythematous candidiasis was the clinical form that decreased most, followed by pseudomembranous candidiasis. In conclusion, we observed a significant reduction in HIV-OLs, which was closely associated with the use of ART. In addition, among patients with a clinical diagnosis of AIDS, we confirmed a significant reduction in HIV-OL prevalence between 1997 and 2004-2008.
This article was published in J Oral Sci and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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