alexa Oral lesions associated with HIV infection before and during the antiretroviral therapy era in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Loureno AG, Motta AC, Figueiredo LT, Machado AA, Komesu MC, Loureno AG, Motta AC, Figueiredo LT, Machado AA, Komesu MC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We estimated the prevalence of oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-OLs) before and during the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era. The first period was 1997, when many patients received two types of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. The second study period was 2004 through 2008, when all patients were treated with ART (a combination of two or three classes of drugs, including protease inhibitors). A total of 148 and 388 seropositive participants were examined in 1997 and 2004-2008, respectively. The evaluation consisted of anamnesis and physical examination. The prevalence of HIV-OLs decreased between 1997 (60.1\%) and 2004-2008 (29.9\%). The HIV-OL responsible for the greatest reduction in prevalence between the two periods was oral candidiasis, of which erythematous candidiasis was the clinical form that decreased most, followed by pseudomembranous candidiasis. In conclusion, we observed a significant reduction in HIV-OLs, which was closely associated with the use of ART. In addition, among patients with a clinical diagnosis of AIDS, we confirmed a significant reduction in HIV-OL prevalence between 1997 and 2004-2008.
This article was published in J Oral Sci and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords