alexa Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Loureno AG, Figueiredo LT, Loureno AG, Figueiredo LT

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to diagnosis oral lesions related to HIV infection in individuals followed in the General Hospital of the School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. The presence of oral lesions was correlated with gender, age, smoking habit, levels of CD4 lymphocytes, HIV load, time of HIV seropositivity, AIDS condition, use of removable dental prosthesis, and use of HAART. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 340 HIV infected individuals were selected for this study, all participants of the study were examined by only one practiced dentist which performed anamnesis, peribuccal and oral examination. RESULTS: Oral lesions were observed in 113 of 340 (33.2\%) HIV infected individuals. These oral lesions included: oral candidiasis (17.7\%) of pseudomembranous (10.8\%) and of erythematous types (6.9\%), angular cheilitis (13.9\%), hairy leukoplakia (11.8\%), and oral ulcers (2.1\%). Oral candidiasis lesions were more frequently observed in women (p.033). Smoking addict participants presented a high frequency of tongue hairy leukoplakia (p.038) and a reduced frequency of oral ulcers (p.018). Hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis were inversely correlated to CD4+L levels and directly correlated with HIV load, behaving as immune depression markers. Hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis also showed an inverse correlation with HAART use (p<.0001). Patients using mobile dental prosthesis presented a high frequency of erythematous candidiasis (p.003). CONCLUSION: The inverse correlation with CD4+L level and the direct correlation with HIV load suggest that oral lesions could be used as alternative clinical markers for poor immune condition in HIV infected individuals.
This article was published in Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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