Author(s): Ranganathan K, Hemalatha R, Ranganathan K, Hemalatha R
Abstract Share this page
Abstract HIV infection is a major global health problem affecting developing and developed countries alike. Oral lesions that are associated with this disease are important, since they affect the quality of life of the patient and are useful markers of disease progression and immunosuppression. Oral lesions in HIV infection have been well-documented in developed countries, but there are fewer reports on oral lesions from developing countries. Oral candidiasis is the most common opportunistic infection seen in all continents. Kaposi's sarcoma has been reported only from Africa and Latin America, while histoplasmosis and penicilliosis were reported in patients with advanced disease from Thailand. HIV-associated salivary gland disease has a high prevalence in Africa and Latin America, especially in the pediatric group. It is clear that there are considerable regional variations in the oral manifestations of HIV infection, depending both on the populations studied and on the clinical expertise available, among other factors. Well-designed and -documented studies are necessary for the correct assessment of the nature and magnitude of the problem in developing countries, if oral health measures are to be effectively formulated for the HIV-infected.
This article was published in Adv Dent Res
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research