Author(s): Anil S, Challacombe SJ, Anil S, Challacombe SJ
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Abstract The magnitude of HIV infection in the Asian region is increasing dramatically. Oral disease represents an important health problem for HIV-infected individuals, because of its diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic implications. The documentation and reporting of HIV infection and AIDS in most of the Asian countries has been superficial. Though the epidemiology of HIV infection in Asia has been studied by many investigators, few attempts have been made to summarise the data and assess the magnitude of the problem, the mode of transmission, the spread of infection and clinical pattern of illness. A review of the literature shows that there is hardly any published data on oral manifestations of HIV infection or AIDS from the Asian region. However, some preliminary information is available on the type of lesion presenting in patients from India and Thailand. These observations suggest that oral manifestations are common in HIV-infected and AIDS patients. The pattern of occurrence of various lesions reported appears to show variation from those reports from other parts of the world, but no definitive conclusion can be drawn from these preliminary observations. Further epidemiological studies are necessary to substantiate the present understanding of the nature of oral lesions found in Asian countries.
This article was published in Oral Dis
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research