alexa Oral manifestations of HIV infection in 600 South African patients.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Arendorf TM, Bredekamp B, Cloete CA, Sauer G, Arendorf TM, Bredekamp B, Cloete CA, Sauer G

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Abstract Oral lesions associated with HIV infection, as classified by the EC-Clearinghouse on Oral Problems related to HIV infection and the WHO Collaborating Centre on Oral manifestations of the immunodeficiency virus, were studied in 600 consecutive HIV-infected patients in Cape Town, South Africa. One or more lesions were seen in 60.4\% of cases. Combined candidal lesions were evident in 37.8\%, hairy leukoplakia in 19.7\% and combined gingival/periodontal lesions in 8.5\% of patients seen. Lesions less commonly recorded include oral ulceration (2.9\%) and Kaposi's sarcoma (1.5\%). The clinical range of lesions seen is similar to those reported elsewhere, but socio-cultural differences allowed no reliable comparison. More than a quarter of our patients had oral soft tissue discomfort necessitating treatment; in 3.3\% these were the presenting symptom. This indicates a potential major public health concern requiring education in recognition and appropriate referral and management. PIP:
This article was published in J Oral Pathol Med and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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