alexa Oral mucositis: a challenging complication of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiochemotherapy: part 1, pathogenesis and prophylaxis of mucositis.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Trauma & Treatment

Author(s): Scully C, Epstein J, Sonis S

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a common sequel of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiochemotherapy in patients with cancer or patients requiring hemopoietic stem cell transplants. Mucositis has a direct and significant impact on the duration of disease remission and cure rates, because it is a cancer treatment-limiting toxicity. Mucositis also affects survival because of the risk of infection and has a significant impact on the quality of life and cost of care. METHODS: This article reviews publications on the etiopathogenesis and prevention of oral mucositis accessible from a MEDLINE search using as key words, mucositis, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hemopoietic stem cell transplant, and oral. CONCLUSIONS: Of the current available products, ice chips and benzydamine have the strongest scientific evidence of support for prophylaxis of mucositis. Copyright 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 25: 000-000, 2003 This article was published in Head Neck and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment

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