Author(s): Agellon LB, Quinet EM, Gillette TG, Drayna DT, Brown ML,
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Abstract The plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) catalyzes the transfer of phospholipids and neutral lipids between the lipoproteins. Thus, this protein may be important in modulating lipoprotein levels in the plasma. We have determined the primary structure and organization of the human CETP gene. Southern blotting of cellular DNA indicated a single copy of the CETP gene exists per haploid genome. Analysis of three overlapping genomic clones showed that the gene spans approximately 25 kbp and contains 16 exons (size range 32-250 bp). Overall, the sequence and organization of the CETP gene do not resemble those of other lipid-metabolizing enzymes or apolipoproteins. However, comparison of the CETP sequence, one exon at a time, with the sequences in the sequence databases revealed a striking identity of a pentapeptide sequence (ValLeuThrLeuAla) within the hydrophobic core of the signal sequences of human CETP, apolipoproteins A-IV and A-I, and lipoprotein lipase. This pentapeptide sequence was not found in the signal sequences of other proteins, suggesting that it may mediate a specialized function related to lipid metabolism or transport.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education