Author(s): Abuzaitoun OR, Hanson IC, Abuzaitoun OR, Hanson IC
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Abstract The clinical manifestations of HIV disease in children affect multiple organ systems. The severity of each manifestation varies by organ system and can be related in many cases to multifactorial causes, namely HIV replication in affected tissue, concomitant opportunistic infection of the organ, effect of concurrent immunodeficiency or autoimmune mechanisms on the organ, or adverse end-organ drug effect (primary HIV therapy or prophylaxis regimens). More information is needed to understand the pathogenesis of the systemic effect of HIV on different organ systems, especially the CNS. Most clinicians hope that advances in therapeutic interventions for primary HIV will halt the progression of the organ-specific manifestations that have been outlined in this article, but such potent therapies will probably have their own unique and new effects on HIV-infected organ systems. Vigilance for organ-specific manifestations in the era of HAART is imperative to provide the best clinical outcome for HIV-infected children.
This article was published in Pediatr Clin North Am
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research