alexa Oro-facial manifestations in paediatric HIV: a comparative study of institutionalized and hospital outpatients.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Naidoo S, Chikte U, Naidoo S, Chikte U

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Abstract The aim of the study was to compare dental caries status and the number and type of oral mucosal lesions in HIV positive children from a hospital outpatient department and an institutionalized setting. Oral examinations were performed using presumptive diagnostic criteria. The Fisher's Exact and the Mann-Whitney tests were used for statistical comparison of the two study groups. A total of 169 children were examined of whom 42\% were institutionalized and 58\% hospital outpatients. One institutionalized child presented with Noma. Twenty-one percent of the institutionalized population presented with molluscum contagiosum, while none of the hospital outpatients presented with this condition. Significantly more intraoral mucosal lesions were observed in the hospital compared with the institutionalized group. The most frequently encountered oral lesion was candidiasis. Pseudomembranous candidiasis was the most common type. Twice as many intraoral ulcers were recorded in the institutionalized group. Thirty-nine percent of the hospitalized patients had multiple lesions compared with 28\% in the institutionalized group. Almost three quarters of both populations were caries-free. The mean DMFT was considerably higher in the hospital population. For both the permanent and primary teeth, the decayed component (D/d) made up the major part of the DMFT/dmft, followed by the missing (M/m) component. No fillings were recorded in either the primary or permanent teeth for both groups. Oral lesions are common in HIV populations and were seen in both the hospital and institutionalized groups, at high prevalence levels (63 and 45\%). HIV infected children should be considered high risk for caries because of the use of chronic medications, and to receive appropriate care in terms of both treatment and services.
This article was published in Oral Dis and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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