Author(s): Stanitski DF, Nadjarian R, Stanitski CL, Bawle E, Tsipouras P
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Abstract Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is the most prevalent heritable disorder of connective tissue. Musculoskeletal problems include joint pain, swelling and instability, and spinal deformity. This study was undertaken to assess functional orthopaedic problems of patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Sixty patients with genetically verified Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (range, 8-60 years; mean, 34 years) who attended a National Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Foundation learning conference were evaluated by questionnaire, clinical examination, and when indicated, radiographs. A database of 250 items per patient was constructed and statistically assessed using analysis of variance. Because of rarity of Types VII and VIII, these two patients were dropped from the analysis. Fifty-eight patients had Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Types I, II, III, or IV and form the study cohort. Among these four types, there were no significant differences in history of joint dislocation, swelling, or types of orthopaedic surgical procedures experienced. Thirty patients with Type III Ehlers-Danlos syndrome reported joint pain more frequently than did patients with Types I, II, or IV. Ambulation was impaired significantly in patients with Type III disorder as a whole, as was functional hand strength and upper extremity function. Back or neck pain was a common (67.2\%) report among patients with all types of disease but did not correlate with the presence or absence of spinal deformity. Contrary to most previous reports, the patients in this study showed that Type III Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was the most debilitating form with respect to musculoskeletal function.
This article was published in Clin Orthop Relat Res
and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies