Author(s): Mironova GD, Lazareva A, GateauRoesch O, Tyynel J, Pavlov Y,
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Abstract Oscillations in ion fluxes and membrane potential may be observed in cells and in mitochondria as well. We obtained Ca2+-induced oscillations in channel activity in black-lipid membranes reconstituted with hydrophobic components extracted from mitochondria. Mitoplasts prepared from purified rat liver mitochondria were extracted with ethanol followed by Folch extraction and further partial purification by silicic acid chromatography. Channel activity was measured in lipid bilayers formed from bovine brain lipids and 10\% cardiolipin with addition of the purified fractions. The conductance with 10 mM Ca2+ was 100 pS or its multiples. Ca2+ gradients of 4: 1 induced oscillating channel activity for several hours, with initial open states of 40 s and closed states of 56 s; the open times gradually decreasing to 8.6 s. No channel activity was seen without added fractions. The channel activity was associated with a Ca2+-binding lipid, nonpolar, low-molecular-weight fraction that in gel electrophoresis was not stained with Coomassie Blue and did not contain carbohydrate-staining material. 1H-Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the substance showed the presence of aliphatic chains and carbonyls, but the detailed structure remains to be elucidated.
This article was published in J Bioenerg Biomembr
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry