alexa Osmotic micropumps for drug delivery.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Author(s): Herrlich S, Spieth S, Messner S, Zengerle R

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Abstract This paper reviews miniaturized drug delivery systems applying osmotic principles for pumping. Osmotic micropumps require no electrical energy and consequently enable drug delivery systems of smallest size for a broad field of new applications. In contrast to common tablets, these pumps provide constant (zero-order) drug release rates. This facilitates systems for long term use not limited by gastrointestinal transit time and first-pass metabolism. The review focuses on parenteral routes of administration targeting drug delivery either in a site-specific or systemic way. Osmotic pumps consist of three building blocks: osmotic agent, solvent, and drug. This is used to categorize pumps into (i) single compartment systems using water from body fluids as solvent and the drug itself as the osmotic agent, (ii) two compartment systems employing a separate osmotic agent, and (iii) multi-compartment architectures employing solvent, drug and osmotic agent separately. In parallel to the micropumps, relevant applications and therapies are discussed. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Adv Drug Deliv Rev and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

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