Author(s): Stegenga B, de Bont LG, Boering G
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Abstract It has been demonstrated that osteoarthrotic changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and in other synovial joints show a similar course, both clinically and (ultra)microscopically. Initially, cartilage changes and possibly also changes in the synovial membrane set up a vicious cycle of cartilage breakdown accompanied by attempts at repair. When the degradative process exceeds the response of repair, the osteoarthrotic disorder progresses into clinically detectable stages. Frequently, the gliding capacity of the articular disc is also impaired, giving rise to an internal derangement. In this article, a concept is presented in which it is suggested that in many cases of craniomandibular pain and dysfunction TMJ osteoarthrosis is the basic disorder.
This article was published in J Oral Maxillofac Surg
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis