Author(s): Weng T, Mao F, Wang Y, Sun Q, Li R,
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Abstract The Grb2-associated binder 1 (Gab1), which serves as a scaffolding adaptor protein, plays a crucial role in transmitting key signals that control cell growth, differentiation and function from multiple receptors. However, its biological role in osteoblast activity and postnatal bone metabolism remains unclear. To elucidate the in vivo function of Gab1 in postnatal bone remodeling, we generated osteoblast-specific Gab1 knockout mice. Disruption of Gab1 expression in osteoblasts led to decreased trabecular bone mass with a reduced bone formation rate and a decreased bone resorption. Bones from Gab1 mutants also exhibited inferior mechanical properties. Moreover, primary osteoblasts from Gab1 mutant mice demonstrated markedly suppressed osteoblast mineralization, increased susceptibility to apoptosis and decreased expression of receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL). Activation of serine-threonine Akt kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase in response to insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 was attenuated in Gab1 mutant osteoblasts. Our results show that Gab1-mediated signals in osteoblasts are crucial for normal postnatal bone homeostasis.
This article was published in J Cell Sci
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism