Author(s): Zaidi M, Blair HC, Moonga BS, Abe E, Huang CL
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Abstract Over the past decade, advances in molecular tools, stem cell differentiation, osteoclast and osteoblast signaling mechanisms, and genetically manipulated mice models have resulted in major breakthroughs in understanding osteoclast biology. This review focuses on key advances in our understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying the formation, function, and survival of osteoclasts. These include key signals mediating osteoclast differentiation, including PU.1, RANK, CSF-1/c-fms, and src, and key specializations of the osteoclast including HCl secretion driven by H+-ATPase and the secretion of collagenolytic enzymes including cathepsin K and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). These pathways and highly expressed proteins provide targets for specific therapies to modify bone degradation. The main outstanding issues, basic and translational, will be considered in relation to the osteoclast as a target for antiresorptive therapies.
This article was published in J Bone Miner Res
and referenced in Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices