alexa Osteoprotegerin inactivation accelerates advanced atherosclerotic lesion progression and calcification in older ApoE- - mice.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Bennett BJ, Scatena M, Kirk EA, Rattazzi M, Varon RM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily of proteins, plays an important role in bone remodeling and is expressed in both mouse and human atherosclerotic lesions. The current study was designed to assess whether OPG plays a role in the progression and calcification of advanced atherosclerotic lesions in apoE(-/-) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atherosclerotic lesion area and composition and aortic calcium content were examined in mice deficient in both OPG and apolipoprotein E (OPG(-/-).apoE(-/-) mice) at 20, 40, and 60 weeks of age. Littermate OPG(+/+).apoE(-/-) mice were used as controls. The average cross-sectional area of lesions in the innominate arteries was increased in OPG(-/-).apoE(-/-) mice at 40 and 60 weeks of age. The increase in lesion area was coupled with a reduced cellularity and an increase in connective tissue including laminated layers of elastin. Sixty-week-old OPG(-/-).apoE(-/-) mice also had an increase in the area of calcification of the lesions. There were no differences in markers of plaque stability. In vitro, OPG induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity in macrophages and smooth muscle cells and acted as a survival factor for serum-deprived smooth muscle cells. CONCLUSIONS: OPG inhibits advanced plaque progression by preventing an increase in lesion size and lesion calcification. OPG may act as a survival factor and may modulate MMP9 production in vascular cells. This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version