Author(s): Boulanger BR, Lilly MP, Hamlyn JM, Laredo J, Shurtleff D,
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Abstract Ouabain has been identified in the plasma and adrenal glands of several mammals, including humans. To investigate possible adrenal secretion of ouabain in vivo, at rest, and in response to acute blood volume changes, we prepared trained adult dogs (n = 10) with splenectomy and unilateral adrenal venous (AV) cannulation. Two days later, after an overnight fast, dogs had either 1) 20\% hemorrhage (hem) or 2) 20\% blood volume expansion (exp; 6\% Dextran 70, 0.9\% NaCl) in random order. In AV and arterial plasma (ART), ouabain was measured by a ouabain-specific immunoassay, and cortisol and aldosterone were measured by radioimmunoassay. ART and AV ouabain concentration did not change after hem or exp [P = not significant (NS)]. In 94 of 97 paired samples, the concentration of ouabain in AV was greater than that in ART (Wilcoxon, P < 0.001), and the mean ouabain concentration was greater in AV (756.4 +/- 85.7 pmol/l) than ART (235.4 +/- 18.5 pmol/l; P < 0.001). The mean AV-to-ART ouabain concentration ratio was 5.7 +/- 1.29. Adrenal secretion of ouabain was not influenced by hem or exp (analysis of variance, P = NS). Adrenal secretion of cortisol and aldosterone increased after hem (P < 0.05) and was unaltered by exp (P = NS). This study demonstrates that ouabain is secreted by the adrenal gland in the awake dog. However, adrenal ouabain secretion and arterial blood ouabain are not altered by acute hem or exp.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science