Author(s): Kumar K, Saxena VK, Thomas TG, Lal S
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Abstract Scrub Typhus outbreak investigation was undertaken during September 2003 in the three worst affected districts Shimla, Solan and Sirmaur in Himachal Pradesh (India). A total of 113 cases and 19 deaths (17.27 percent case fatality rate) were reported from the eight districts, which were reporting cases. Cases were prevalent in all age groups and in both the sexes among the persons frequenting forest for occupational work. 35.7 percent of the patients serum samples showed a titer of > 1: 80 against OX 19 and OXK antigen is suggestive of Scrub Typhus. Entomologically Rattus rattus (39.5 per cent) was the most prevalent species followed by Suncus murinus (22.91 percent), Bandicoota bengalensis (29.16 percent) and Bandicoota indica and Mus musculus (4.16 percent each). Vector species Leptotrombidium deliense and Gahrliepia (schoengastilla) sp. were recorded. The chigger index 23.0 was found to be highest in Vill. Baldian and 5.0 in Vill. Bhatakuffer (Shimla) and 1.0 in Vill. Rebon (Solan), which is above the critical limit of 0.69 per rodents. Other mite species, ixodid ticks, fleas and lice have been recorded.
This article was published in J Commun Dis
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination