Author(s): Soran A, Chelluri L, Lee KK, Tisherman SA
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with severe acute pancreatitis often require intensive care unit (ICU) admission, have multiple complications, spend weeks to months in the hospital, and consume a large amount of resources. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ICU course, costs, mortality, and quality of life of patients who require ICU admission for acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Patients with acute pancreatitis requiring ICU admission were identified retrospectively. Data regarding in-hospital morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs were obtained. Long-term quality of life was assessed using the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were identified. There were 31 men and 21 women: the mean age was 53 years (range, 22-89). The most common causes of acute pancreatitis were gallstones (44\%) and alcoholism (17\%). Pulmonary failure (52\% required mechanical ventilation) and renal failure (21\% required dialysis) were common. There were 39 (75\%) hospital survivors and 13 (25\%) nonsurvivors. In the first 24 h, the mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores were 10 +/- 6 in survivors and 16 +/- 4 in the nonsurvivors (<0.01). Mean length of ICU (15 +/- 18 and 28 +/- 31 days) and hospital (40 +/- 34 and 38 +/- 34 days) stays were similar in survivors and nonsurvivors, respectively (NS). The mean hospital cost for survivors was $83,611 +/- 88,434 and that for nonsurvivors was $136,730 +/- 95,045 (P = 0. 09). The estimated cost to obtain one hospital survivor was $129,188. Of the 39 hospital survivors, 5 died later, 21 completed the SF-36, and 13 were lost to follow-up. Long-term quality of life (SF-36) was similar to that of an age-matched population. Twenty of twenty-one felt their general health was at least as good as it had been 1 year previously. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe acute pancreatitis need prolonged ICU and hospital stays. APACHE II may be a good predictor of outcome; further, prospective evaluation is needed. Although resource utilization is high, most patients survive and have good long-term quality of life. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
This article was published in J Surg Res
and referenced in Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy