Author(s): MacDougall KW, Burneo JG, McLachlan RS, Steven DA
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Abstract Invasive intracranial electrodes (IE) are an important part of the work-up in many patients being considered for epilepsy surgery. Because IE are usually reserved for cases where seizure localization is ambiguous, one might expect that the eventual outcome of epilepsy surgery in these patients would be worse than in patients who did not require IE as part of their work-up. The purpose of this study was to specifically examine those patients who underwent insertion of subdural electrodes, to determine how many of these patients eventually underwent resective surgery of any type and to assess the eventual outcome. All cases admitted for subdural electrodes between January 2000 and June 2005 were reviewed. Surgical outcomes were reported using the Engel classification and a multivariate analysis was used to determine which factors were associated with successful surgery. 177 IE implantations were performed in 172 patients. Of these, 130 patients went on to have surgery. In the 113 of the 130 surgical patients in whom 1-year follow-up was available, 47\% were seizure free at 1 year. Age was a major predictor of outcome with only 21\% of patients over age 40 becoming seizure free with surgery compared to 58\% in patients aged under 40 years (p=0.0004). Other predictors of an Engel I outcome included having a temporal lobectomy or supplementary motor area resection. Good results from eventual resective surgery can be achieved in patients needing invasive recordings. Younger patients with temporal lobe epilepsy seem to have the highest likelihood of seizure freedom.
This article was published in Epilepsy Res
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation