alexa Outcome of in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic injection of epididymal and testicular sperm extracted from patients with obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia.


Journal of Aging Science

Author(s): Madgar I, Hourvitz A, Levron J, Seidman DS, Shulman A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate IVF outcome after epididymal and testicular sperm retrieval in patients with obstructive or nonobstructive azoospermia. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical analysis. SETTING: Public university-affiliated IVF unit. PATIENT(S): One hundred twenty-three azoospermic patients (178 cycles). INTERVENTION(S): Sixty-three patients (103 cycles) with obstructive azoospermia (group 1) underwent either epididymal or testicular sperm retrieval, and 60 patients (75 cycles) with nonobstructive azoospermia (group 2) underwent testicular sperm retrieval combined with IVF treatment. Mature oocytes were fertilized using intracytoplasmic sperm injection. After sperm preparation, supernumerary spermatozoa were cryopreserved. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Oocyte fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate (PR). RESULT(S): The oocyte fertilization rate was 48.4\% (534/1,104) in group 1 and 41.5\% (312/751) in group 2 (not significant [NS] difference). A total of 100 cycles (97.1\%) and 62 cycles (82.7\%) in the obstructive and nonobstructive groups, respectively, had embryos for replacement (NS difference). The clinical PRs per ET cycle were 24\% (24/100) and 17.7\% (11/62) in the two groups, respectively. Oocyte fertilization rates, when fresh (46.4\%) or frozen-thawed (41.8\%) spermatozoa were used, were not significantly different in the two groups. The PR when fresh sperm were used was 23.6\% (30/127), versus 14.3\% (5/35) when frozen sperm were used (NS difference). The PR for women aged < or = 35 years was similar to that for women >35 years of age (20.7\% or 29/140 and 18.2\% or 4/25, respectively). CONCLUSION(S): Epididymal and testicular sperm obtained in azoospermic patients can fertilize oocytes successfully and may lead to high fertilization rates and PRs. Freezing of these spermatozoa does not reduce the outcome of treatment significantly.
This article was published in Fertil Steril and referenced in Journal of Aging Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version