Author(s): Axelrod DA, Proctor MC, Geisser ME, Roth RS, Greenfield LJ
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Abstract PURPOSE: This study determined whether there is an association between psychological and socioeconomic characteristics and the long-term outcome of operative treatment for patients with sensory neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (N-TOS). METHODS: Clinical records, preoperative psychological testing results, and long-term follow-up questionnaire data were reviewed for consecutive patients who underwent surgery for N-TOS from 1990 to 1999. Multivariate logistic regression models were developed as a means of identifying independent risk factors for postoperative disability. RESULTS: Operative decompression of the brachial plexus via a supraclavicular approach was performed for upper extremity pain and paresthesia with no mortality and minimal morbidity in 170 patients. After an average follow-up period of 47 months, 65\% of patients reported improved symptoms, and 64\% of patients were satisfied with their operative outcome. However, 35\% of patients remained on medication, and 18\% of patients were disabled. Preoperative factors associated with persistent disability include major depression (odds ratio [OR], 15.7; P =.02), not being married (OR, 7.9; P =.04), and having less than a high school education (OR, 8.1; P =.09). CONCLUSION: Operative decompression was beneficial for most patients. Psychological and social factors, including depression, marital status, and education, are associated with self-reported disability. The impact of the preoperative treatment of depression on the outcome of TOS decompression should be studied prospectively.
This article was published in J Vasc Surg
and referenced in Journal of Pain & Relief