Author(s): Loh FH, Tan AT, Kumar J, Ng SC
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the follicular response of ovaries after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriotic cysts. DESIGN: A retrospective, controlled study. SETTING: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients with history of infertility who had laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriotic cysts. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy, transvaginal ultrasound monitoring of follicles in natural cycles, stimulated cycles using clomiphene citrate (CC), chronic low-dose FSH, and "flare down" regimen. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Follicular response of postcystectomy and normal ovaries. RESULT(S): For women < 35 years of age, the mean follicular response of postcystectomy ovaries was reduced significantly when compared with normal ovaries in natural cycles (0.30 versus 1.00 follicle per cycle) and in CC-stimulated cycles (0.87 versus 1.27 follicles per cycle). The mean follicular response was not statistically significantly different when the ovaries were stimulated with chronic low-dose FSH or with the flare down regimen. For women > or = 35 years, postcystectomy ovaries responded with a comparable number of follicles as the normal ovaries in natural cycles and the three different ovarian stimulation regimens. CONCLUSION(S): Postcystectomy ovaries showed reduced follicular response in natural and CC-stimulated cycles for women < 35 years of age. Postcystectomy ovaries produced a comparable number of follicles as normal ovaries when stimulated with gonadotropins.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology