Author(s): Wood EG, Batzer FR, Corson SL
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Abstract The aim of this study is to characterize the ovarian response to stimulation and the optimal method of oocyte retrieval in patients with vaginal agenesis (Mayer- Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome) in a gestational carrier programme. Twelve patients underwent gonadotrophin stimulation and hormonal monitoring. Forty-nine treatment cycles were initiated; seven cycles were cancelled secondary to poor stimulation. Five patients had undergone surgical neovagina construction; seven patients had utilized vaginal dilators. Oocyte retrieval was achieved in one cycle via transvesical ultrasound, in two cycles via transabdominal ultrasound, in nine cycles via laparoscopy and in 30 cycles via transvaginal ultrasound. Ten pregnancies were achieved which included two clinical pregnancies, two biochemical pregnancies, three singleton births and three sets of twin births. A live birth rate of 45.5\% was achieved per patient. Hormonal response to gonadotrophin stimulation in this population was similar to that of patients with normal pelvic anatomy. Pregnancy outcome was comparable to other patients utilizing gestational carriers within the same program (i.e. surgically absent uterus, anatomically non-functioning uterus, etc.). The surgical creation of a neovagina makes transvaginal retrieval technically more difficult than when dealing with a dilator-created vagina, and may require laparoscopy or transabdominal ultrasound for oocyte retrieval.
This article was published in Hum Reprod
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy