Author(s): Satoh M, HarutaSatoh E, Yamada M, Kado S, Nomura F
OBJECTIVES: The mechanism of alcohol-induced pancreatic damage is unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of chronic alcohol intake on the pancreatic proteome. METHODS: Rats were fed an alcohol-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet, and the pancreatic proteome was compared with that of pair-fed control rats using agarose 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The expression of 3 proteins was consistently altered in alcohol-fed rats: 1 protein was down-regulated, and 2 proteins were up-regulated. The 2 up-regulated proteins were identified as 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase and hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase (HMGCS2). The combined concentration of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxyalkenals was significantly greater in alcohol-fed rats. It is noteworthy that the reactivity of anti-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal antibody was significantly higher toward HMGCS2 isolated from alcohol-fed rats. The activity of HMGCS2 was higher in alcohol-fed rats, but the relative increase in enzyme activity in alcohol-fed rats was less than the relative increase in HMGCS2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic alcohol consumption results in distinct alterations in the expression of 3 pancreatic proteins. The reactivity of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal toward one of the up-regulated proteins, HMGCS2, increased markedly following chronic alcohol intake, suggesting that up-regulation of HMGCS2 is connected with alterations of lipid peroxidation induced by alcohol.