alexa Overexpression of metallothionein in the heart of transgenic mice suppresses doxorubicin cardiotoxicity.


Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Kang YJ, Chen Y, Yu A, VossMcCowan M, Epstein PN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Metallothionein (MT) may provide protection against doxorubicin-induced heart damage. To test this hypothesis, a heart-specific promoter was used to drive the expression of human MT-IIa gene in transgenic mice. Four healthy transgenic mouse lines were produced. Cardiac MT was constitutively overexpressed from 10- to 130-fold higher than normal. The MT concentration was not altered in liver, kidneys, lungs, or skeletal muscles. Other antioxidant components including glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase were not altered in the MT-overexpressing heart. Mice (7-wk-old) from transgenic lines expressing MT activity 10- or 130-fold higher than normal and from nontransgenic controls were treated intraperitoneally with doxorubicin at a single dose of 20 mg/kg, and were killed on the 4th day after treatment. As compared to normal controls, transgenic mice exhibited a significant resistance to in vivo doxorubicin-induced cardiac morphological changes, and the increase in serum creatine phosphokinase activity. Atria isolated from transgenic mice and treated with doxorubicin in tissue bath was also more resistant to functional damage induced by this drug. The results provide direct evidence for the role of MT in cardioprotection against doxorubicin toxicity.
This article was published in J Clin Invest and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version