Author(s): Nakashima C, Yamaguchi M
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Abstract Overexpression of regucalcin has been shown to enhance glucose utilization and lipid production in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells in vitro, and it induces insulin resistance. The effect of regucalcin on the gene expression of insulin signaling-related proteins was investigated in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells overexpressing regucalcin in vitro. The hepatoma cells (wild-type) and stable regucalcin/ pCXN2-transfected cells (transfectants) were cultured for 72 h in a medium containing 10\% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to obtain subconfluent monolayers. Cells with subconfluency were cultured for 24, 48, or 72 h in a medium containing either vehicle or insulin (10(-9)-10(-7) M) with or without supplementation of glucose (10, 25, or 50 mg/ml of medium). The expression of rat insulin receptor (Insr), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), glucose transporter 2 (GLUT 2), or glyceroaldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) mRNAs was examined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis with specific primers. GLUT 2 mRNA expression was significantly increased in the transfectants, while Insr, PI3K, and G3PDH mRNA levels were not significantly changed in the transfectants. Culture with insulin (10(-8) or 10(-7) M) caused a significant increase in PI3K mRNA levels in wild-type cells cultured for 24 or 48 h, while it had no effect on Insr mRNA levels. The supplementation of glucose (10, 25, or 50 mg/ml) caused a significant increase in Insr and PI3K mRNA levels in wild-type cells. The effect of insulin or glucose supplementation on these gene expression levels was not seen in the transfectants. The combination of insulin (10(-7) M) and glucose (50 mg/ml) caused a significant increase in Ins and PI3K mRNA levels in wild-type cells. Such an effect was not seen in the transfectants. Culture with insulin or glucose supplementation failed to have a significant effect on GLUT2 and G3PDH mRNA levels in the wild-type cells or transfectants. This study demonstrates that overexpression of regucalcin suppresses the enhancing effect of insulin or glucose on the gene expression of insulin signaling-related proteins in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells.
This article was published in Int J Mol Med
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access