Author(s): Noritake H, Miyamori H, Goto C, Seiki M, Sato H
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Abstract This article discusses the transformation of epithelial Madin-Durby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with v-src induced expression of membrane-type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and metastatic growth in nude mice (Kadono Y et al., Cancer Res 1998; 58: 2240-44). To analyze genes associated with invasive phenotype of v-src MDCK cells, mRNA differential display was performed between control and the transformed cells. A clone 12', the expression of which was clearly up-regulated in the transformed cells, encoded a protein 81\% homologous to human tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1). Northern hybridization showed that only MT1-MMP expression was enhanced and other matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were undetectable or rather repressed in the transformed cells. Proteolytic activity against type I gelatin was observed in v-src MDCK cells, which was inhibited only by TIMP-2 but not by TIMP-1. MDCK cells stably transfected with the MT1-MMP gene also degraded gelatin, which was selectively inhibited by TIMP-2. These results suggest that MT1-MMP, the expression of which is induced in v-src MDCK cells, degrades extracellullar matrix by itself rather than through the activation of progelatinase A, which in turn contributes to the metastasis of the transformed cells.
This article was published in Clin Exp Metastasis
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis