Author(s): Zaveri PP, Morris DM, Freishtat RJ, Brown K
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity is an epidemic in the United States. The relationship between traumatic injury and obesity in children is not well-studied. We hypothesized that overweight children suffer more severe injuries, different distributions of injuries and improper use of restraints in motor vehicle collisions. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the CIREN database of motor vehicle collisions of subjects 2-17 years old. Overweight was defined as a BMI percentile for age >85\%. Significant injury was an Injury Severity Score (ISS) >15 or an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score greater than one. Further analysis looked at injuries classified as head, trunk, or extremities and appropriateness of restraints. Odds ratios compared the overweight to lean groups. RESULTS: 335 subjects met inclusion criteria with 35.5\% of cases being overweight. For significant injury, overweight cases had an odds ratio of 1.2 [95\% CI: 0.8-1.9]. Analysis by AIS for overall significant injury and to specific body regions also did not show any significant associations. Overweight versus lean subjects had an odds ratio of 1.3 [95\% CI: 0.8-2.1] for improper use of restraints. CONCLUSIONS: We found no significant relationship between pediatric injury severity, distribution of injuries, or restraint use and being overweight. Limitations of this study were the small sample size in this database and the large number of unrestrained subjects.
This article was published in Accid Anal Prev
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics