alexa Oxidant stress in hemodialysis patients: what are the determining factors?

Kidney Disorders and Clinical Practices

Author(s): Ward RA, McLeish KR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oxidant stress contributes to morbidity in hemodialysis patients. Three possible causes of oxidant stress have been suggested: the uremic state, the dialyzer membrane, and bacterial contaminants from the dialysate. Oxidant stress occurs in uremia before dialysis therapy is initiated, as evidenced by increased production of reactive oxygen species, increased levels of oxidized plasma proteins and lipids, and decreased antioxidant defenses. It has been proposed that increased production of reactive oxygen species during hemodialysis is also an important contributor to oxidant stress. Hemodialysis is associated with a transient increase in production of reactive oxygen species, particularly with cellulose membranes. In addition, surveys have shown widespread contamination of dialysate by endotoxin, which may cross membranes and prime production of reactive oxygen species by phagocytic cells. Recent studies, however, show a decrease in protein oxidation from pre- to post-dialysis and a normalization of neutrophil reactive oxygen species production. Taken together, these data suggest that uremia, per se, is the most important cause of oxidant stress in hemodialysis patients. Dialysate quality may also contribute to oxidant stress, but evidence that the dialyzer membrane plays a role is weak.
This article was published in Artif Organs and referenced in Kidney Disorders and Clinical Practices

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords