alexa Oxidative damage, mitochondrial oxidant generation and antioxidant defenses during aging and in response to food restriction in the mouse.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Sohal RS, Ku HH, Agarwal S, Forster MJ, Lal H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This study was conducted in order to test the concept that oxidative damage is associated with aging and may be a factor in the modulation of life span in response to variations in caloric intake. Mice fed a diet that was 40\% lower in calories (DR) than the ad libitum fed (AL) animals exhibited a 43\% extension in average life span and a 61\% prolongation in mortality rate doubling time. A comparison of AL and DR mice at 9, 17 and 23 months of age indicated that the protein carbonyl content in the brain, heart and kidney increased with age and was significantly greater in the AL than DR group in each organ at each of the three ages. Mitochondrial state 4 or resting respiratory rate increased with age in the AL, but not the DR group, and was also relatively higher in the former. The rates of mitochondrial superoxide and hydrogen peroxide generation increased with age and were higher in the AL than DR mice in all the three organs at each age. In contrast, there was no clear-cut overall pattern of age-related or dietary-related changes in antioxidant defenses provided by superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase. Results suggest that mechanisms of aging and life span shortening by enhanced caloric intake are associated with oxidative damage arising from corresponding changes in mitochondrial oxidant production. Protein carbonyl content, and mitochondrial O2.- and H2O2 generation may act as indices of aging.
This article was published in Mech Ageing Dev and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ildiko Molnar
    The role of tissue-specific type 2 5’-deiodinase enzyme activities in Graves’ orbitopathy and systemic sclerosis: a new candidate in thyroid autoimmunity
    PDF Version
  • Abulkhair Beatti
    A new understanding of interferential current energy transfer in tissue
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Daisuke Ota
    The clinical outcome of reconstruction with tissue expander for breast cancer patients with mastectomy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wayne Grant Carter
    Wayne-Grant-Carter-University-of-Nottingham-UK-Is-damage-to-the-cytoskeletal-architecture
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Vicente Marco
    Changes in breast cancer pathology reports after second opinion
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jan Voskuil
    How antibodies can prevent medical progress and how they can be great tools?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Mehmet Ozler
    “Mehmet Ozler-Gulhane-Military-Medical-Academy-Ankara-Turkey-Pinealectomy-Initiates-the-Oxidative-Stress-Response-in-Brain-Tissue-of-Rats-Subject-to-Abdominal-Surgery”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Kazuo Yano
    Regulatory approval for autologous human cells and tissue products in the United States, the European Union, and Japan
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • William Lindsey
    Ultra-refined Follicular Unit Transplantation into scar tissue as an alternative to surgical scar revision in hair bearing scalp
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Simin Fazelipour
    “Simin Fazelipour-Islamic-Azad-University-Tehran-Medical-Sciences-Branch-Tehran-Iran-evaluation-of-histopathologic-and-histomorphometric-changes-of-adrenal-gland-tissue-following-consumption-of-Methylphenidate-in-male-mice”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Momiao Xiong
    Integrative Image and RNA-seq Data Analysis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Mehmet Saydam
    Quality-of- life, body image and cosmesis after single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jan O Gordeladze
    Key regulatory junctions stabilizing the osteoblast phenotype: Implications for cell and tissue engineering
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • S K Dhattarwal
    FORENSIC PATHOLOGY : PIVOT OF MEDICO-LEGAL SYSTEM
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords