alexa Oxidative damage of cardiomyocytes is limited by extracellular regulated kinases 1 2-mediated induction of cyclooxygenase-2.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Adderley SR, Fitzgerald DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oxidative stress causes cardiac damage following ischemia/reperfusion and in response to anthracyclines. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1/2 are activated by oxidative stress in cardiac myocytes and protect cardiac myocytes from apoptosis. Prostaglandins (PG) also protect cells from injury in a number of tissues, including the cardiomyocyte. Cyclooxygenase (COX) the rate-limiting enzyme in PG biosynthesis has two isoforms, the constitutive COX-1 and an inducible COX-2. Here, we examined the effects of two oxidative stresses, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the anthracycline doxorubicin on the activity of ERK1/2 and the expression of COX isoforms and PG formation in neonatal rat primary cardiomyocytes. These cells expressed COX-1 at rest and both COX isoforms on treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Exposure to 50 microM H2O2 for 10 min or doxorubicin at 10 and 100 micrograms/ml caused expression of COX-2 that was prevented by free radical scavengers. COX-2 induction was associated with activation of ERK1/2 and the specific ERK-inhibitor PD098059 abolished COX-2 expression. Treatment of cells with decoy oligonucleotides corresponding to COX-2 promoter elements implicated the AP-1 and NF-kappaB-2 but not the NF-kappaB-1 in the transcription of COX-2. Induction of COX-2 mRNA and protein was accompanied by increased prostacyclin formation, which was abolished by the selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, and PD098059. H2O2 and doxorubicin enhanced the release of lactate dehydrogenase and free radical scavengers prevented this. NS-398 enhanced the release of lactate dehydrogenase in response to H2O2 and doxorubicin, whereas the injury was prevented by iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue. In cardiomyocytes cell injury by H2O2 and doxorubicin is limited by an increase in prostacyclin formation that reflects induction of COX-2 mediated by ERK1/2 activation.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords