alexa Oxidative injury triggers autophagy in astrocytes: the role of endogenous zinc.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Author(s): Lee SJ, Cho KS, Koh JY, Lee SJ, Cho KS, Koh JY

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have recently demonstrated that the accumulation of labile zinc in lysosomes during oxidative stress causes lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) in cultured hippocampal neurons. Since autophagy involves fusion of autophagic vacuoles (AVs) with lysosomes, zinc accumulation may start in AVs. In the present study, we examined the role of endogenous zinc in H2O2-induced autophagy and cell death in mouse astrocyte cultures. Live-cell confocal imaging of astrocytes transfected with GFP-LC3 revealed that the number of AVs positive for LC3 (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3) increased following exposure to H2O2 or ferrous chloride (FeCl2). Staining of RFP-LC3-transfected astrocytes with FluoZin-3 indicated that the levels of labile zinc increased in AVs as well as in the cytosol and nuclei. The majority of AVs were double-stained with LysoTracker, indicating that they were fused with lysosomes. Chelation of zinc with tetrakis [2-pyridylmethyl]ethylenediamine (TPEN) decreased the number of AVs in H2O2-treated astrocytes, whereas exposure to zinc increased their number, suggesting that dysregulation of zinc homeostasis is mechanistically linked to autophagy. Unexpectedly, inhibition of autophagy blocked the rise in labile zinc levels. Astrocytic death induced by H2O2) was ccompanied by LMP. Autophagy inhibitors (3-methyladenine, bafilomycin-1) or TPEN attenuated LMP and cell death in astrocytes. These results support the possibility that endogenous zinc plays a key role in autophagy under oxidative stress in astrocytes, and suggest that autophagy is a necessary preceding event for LMP and cell death in oxidative injury. This article was published in Glia and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version