alexa Oxidative stress in viral hepatitis and AIDS.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Stehbens WE, Stehbens WE

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Abstract Dominant types of viral hepatitis are presently A, B, and C with prophylactic immunization available only for A and B. Hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection constitute a worldwide scourge and treatment is far from satisfactory. Each produces severe oxidative stress (OS) and secondary cellular damage of varying severity and, as in toxic hepatitis, progression and regression are dependent on redox balance between oxidation and antioxidation. Experimental and clinical studies suggest that xenobiotics and co-infections exert cumulative, detrimental effects on their pathogeneses and further deplete antioxidants. It is proposed therefore that in the clinical management of these infections and especially in their early stages, considerable benefit should accrue from antioxidant repletion at dosages substantially above recommended daily allowances (RDAs) in conjunction with a nutritious high protein diet. Because plasma zinc and selenium concentrations are very low, their replenishment by high dosages is urgent and mandatory particularly in advanced HIV infections bordering on acrodermatitis enteropathica. Also recommended is their long-term continuance at high normal levels. This article was published in Exp Mol Pathol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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