alexa Oxidative stress induced by ascorbate causes neuronal damage in an in vitro system.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Song JH, Shin SH, Ross GM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Of particular physiological interest, ascorbate, the ionized form of ascorbic acid, possesses strong reducing properties. However, it has been shown to induce oxidative stress and lead to apoptosis under certain experimental conditions. Ascorbate in the brain is released during hypoxia, including stroke, and is subsequently oxidized in plasma. The oxidized product (dehydroascorbate) is transported into neurons via a glucose transporter (GLUT) during a reperfusion period. The dehydroascorbate taken up by cells is reduced to ascorbate by both enzymatic and non-enzymatic processes, and the ascorbate is stored in cells. This reduction process causes an oxidative stress, due to coupling of redox reactions, which can induce cellular damage and trigger apoptosis. Ascorbate treatment decreased cellular glutathione (GSH) content, and increased the rates of lipid peroxide production in rat cortical slices. Wortmannin, a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-3-kinase (a key enzyme in GLUT translocation), prevented the ascorbate induced-decrease of GSH content, and suppressed ascorbate-induced lipid peroxide production. However, wortmannin was ineffective in reducing hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced oxidative stress. The oxidative stress caused ceramide accumulation, which was proportionally changed with lipid peroxides when the cortical slices were treated with ascorbate. These differential effects support the hypothesis that GLUT efficiently transports the dehydroascorbate into neurons, causing oxidative stress.
This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords