Author(s): Abdelsamie SA, Li Y, Huang Y, Lee MH, Klein RL,
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Abstract Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by progressive mesangial expansion. Although we have reported that circulating oxidized LDL-containing immune complexes (oxLDL-IC) are associated with abnormal levels of albuminuria, the underlying mechanisms have not been investigated. In this study, we have studied the effect of oxLDL-IC on collagen IV expression by mesangial cells. We found that oxLDL-IC markedly stimulated collagen IV expression in a concentration- and time-dependent fashion while oxLDL only had moderate effect. We also found that oxLDL-IC stimulated collagen IV expression by engaging Fc gamma receptor (FcγR) I and III, but not FcγRII, and that p38 MAPK, JNK and PKC pathways were involved in collagen IV expression. Furthermore, we found that oxLDL-IC stimulated FcγRI expression, suggesting a positive feedback mechanism involved in oxLDL-IC-stimulated collagen IV expression. Taken together, this study showed that oxLDL-IC stimulated collagen IV in mesangial cells via FcγRI and FcγRIII, and the expression of FcγRI was increased by oxLDL-IC. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This article was published in Clin Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics