alexa Oxidized LDL in Carotid Plaques and Plasma Associates With Plaque Instability
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Nishi K, Itabe H, Uno M, Kitazato KT, Horiguchi H

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Objective— Oxidation of LDL plays a significant pathogenic role in atherosclerosis. In this study, we attempted to clarify the correlation between the morphology of human atherosclerotic plaques and the oxidized LDL (OxLDL) levels in plasma and carotid plaques. Methods and Results— OxLDL levels (ng/μg apolipoprotein B) in plasma and carotid plaques from 44 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy and OxLDL levels in 17 control plasma and 9 normal intima samples were determined by a sandwich ELISA by using specific antibodies against OxLDL (DLH3) and apolipoprotein B. The plaques were immunohistochemically classified as macrophage (Mφ)-rich and Mφ-poor. In paired samples from individual patients, plaque OxLDL was nearly 70 times higher than plasma OxLDL (mean±SEM, 11.9±1.7 vs 0.18±0.01 ng/μg apoB, P<0.0001). The OxLDL level was significantly higher in Mφ-rich- than Mφ-poor plaques (19.6±2.8 vs 5.50±0.77ng/μg apoB, P<0.0001) and corresponded with DLH3 antigen positivity of the plaques. In patients with Mφ-rich plaques, plasma OxLDL was significantly higher than in the controls (0.20±0.02 vs 0.13±0.01ng/μg apoB, P=0.02). Conclusions— Our results suggest that LDL undergoes further oxidation in plaques, and that high plasma and plaque levels of OxLDL are correlated with the vulnerability to rupture of atherosclerotic lesions.

This article was published in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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