Author(s): Chu L, Hao H, Luo M, Huang Y, Chen Z,
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Abstract This study was to investigate the effect of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on the behaviour of bone marrow stem cells and their endothelial differentiation as well as the underlying mechanisms. Adult rat bone marrow multipotent progenitor cells (MAPCs) were incubated with ox-LDL for up to 2 weeks. Ox-LDL treatment resulted in a time- and dose-dependent reduction of MAPC population in culture through a combination of decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. The expression of stem cell marker Oct-4 was significantly suppressed in MAPCs by ox-LDL in a dose- and time-dependant manner. Endothelial differentiation of MAPCs was substantially inhibited by ox-LDL with markedly decreased expression of endothelial markers vWF, Flk-1 and CD31, as well as impaired in vitro vascular structure formation. Ox-LDL-induced apoptosis and inhibition of Oct-4 expression, cell proliferation and endothelial differentiation of MAPCs were associated with significant inhibition of Akt phosphorylation. Akt overexpression in MAPCs transfected with a constitutively active Akt completely reversed the effects of ox-LDL on MAPCs including enhanced apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation, suppressed Oct-4 expression and endothelial differentiation as well as in vitro vascular structure formation. In conclusion, ox-LDL promotes apoptosis and inhibits Oct-4 expression and self-renewal of MAPCs, and impairs their endothelial differentiation via suppression of Akt signalling. © 2011 The Authors Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine © 2011 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in J Cell Mol Med
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy