Author(s): LeBel CP, Bondy SC, LeBel CP, Bondy SC
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Abstract The inherent biochemical, anatomical and physiological characteristics of the brain make it especially vulnerable to insult. Specifically, some of these characteristics such as myelin and a high energy requirement provide for the introduction of free radical-induced insult. Recently, the biochemistry of free radicals has received considerable attention. It also has become increasingly apparent that many drug and chemical-induced toxicities may be evoked via free radicals and oxidative stress. Major points addressed in this work are the regulation of neural free radical generation by antioxidants and protective enzymes, xenobiotic-induced disruption of cerebral redox status, and specific examples of neurotoxic agent-induced alterations in free radical production as measured by the fluorescent probe dichlorofluorescein. This article considers the thesis that free radical mechanisms may contribute significantly to the properties of several diverse neurotoxic agents and proposes that excess production of free radicals may be common phenomena of neurotoxicity.
This article was published in Neurotoxicol Teratol
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism