Author(s): Lazaratos S, IrukayamaTomobe Y, Miyauchi T, Goto K, Nakahara A
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Abstract We investigated the role of xanthine oxidase-derived oxygen radicals in the development of endothelin-1-induced gastric ulcer. Mucosal lipid peroxidation showed a peak 24 h after injection, while gastric mucosal haemodynamics were fully restored 26 h after endothelin-1 injection. Allopurinol and oxypurinol, but not superoxide dismutase or catalase, protected the gastric mucosa 24 h after endothelin-1 injection. Oxypurinol antagonized both the vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin-1 and the decrease in gastric ATP. All treatments on the second day after endothelin-1 injection significantly reduced gastric mucosal damage. Xanthine oxidase-derived oxygen radicals contributed largely to the exacerbation but they did not mediate the onset of endothelin-1-induced gastric ulcer. Pretreatment with probucol (500 mg/kg, p.o.) also protected the gastric mucosa from endothelin-1-induced mucosal injury by its antioxidant activity. Oxypurinol was gastroprotective through its vasoactive and energy saving actions. The haemodynamic background of endothelin-1-induced gastric ulcer consists of long lasting ischaemia and subsequent "reperfusion" which may be responsible for the late burst of oxygen radicals.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access