alexa Oxygen regulates vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated vasculogenesis and tubulogenesis.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): A TufroMcReddie, A TufroMcReddie

Abstract Share this page

To determine whether low oxygen is a stimulus for endothelial cell differentiation and vascular development in the kidney, we examined the effect of low oxygen on rat metanephric organ culture, a model known to recapitulate nephrogenesis in the absence of vessels. After 6 days in culture in standard (20% O2) or low oxygen (1-3% O2) conditions, metanephric kidney growth and morphology were assessed by DNA measurement, and light and electron microscopy. DNA content was higher in 3% O2-treated explants (2.5 +/- 0.17 microgram/kidney, n = 9) than in 20% O2 explants (1.5 +/- 0.09 microgram/kidney, n = 9), P < 0.05. Low oxygen induced proliferation of tubular epithelial cells, resulting in enhanced number of tubules of similar size. Endothelial cells forming capillaries were localized in 3% O2 explants by light and electron microscopy and by immunocytochemistry using endothelial cell markers. Flt-1, Flk-1, and ACE-containing cells were detected in 3% O2-treated explants, whereas 20% O2 explants were virtually negative. VEGF mRNA levels were 10-fold higher in 3% O2-treated explants than in 20% O2-treated explants. Addition of anti-VEGF antibodies to 3% O2-treated explants prevented low oxygen-induced growth and endothelial cell differentiation and proliferation. Our data indicate that low oxygen stimulates growth by cell proliferation and induces tubulogenesis, endothelial cell differentiation, and vasculogenesis in metanephric kidneys in culture. Upregulation of VEGF expression by low oxygen and prevention of low oxygen-induced tubulogenesis and vasculogenesis by anti-VEGF antibodies indicate that these changes were mediated by VEGF. These data suggest that low oxygen is the stimulus to initiate renal vascularization.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Dev Biol. and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 10th World Pediatric Congress
    September 28-29, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • Infancy, Child Nutrition & Development (ICND)
    October 16-18, 2017 (20 Forums, 3 Days- 1 Event) New York, USA
  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords