alexa p21 CDKN1A mediates negative regulation of transcription by p53.
Genetics

Genetics

Single Cell Biology

Author(s): Lhr K, Mritz C, Contente A, Dobbelstein M, Lhr K, Mritz C, Contente A, Dobbelstein M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The tumor suppressor p53 regulates transcription positively and negatively, depending on the target gene. Whereas p53 induces transcription through direct interaction with promoter DNA, the mechanism of p53-mediated transcriptional repression is less well understood. Early reports described the alleviation of p53-mediated repression by inhibitors of apoptosis, suggesting that negative regulation of transcription might occur only in conjunction with programmed cell death. More recently, it has been proposed that certain genes, such as survivin, are repressed by direct association of p53 with their promoters, followed by recruitment of a repressor complex. We show here that p53-mediated negative regulation of transcription could occur independently of apoptosis. In contrast, the amino-terminal transactivation domain of p53 was required for negative regulation of transcription. Similarly, the p53 homologue p73 diminished the expression of survivin and stathmin, depending on its transactivation domain. Mutation of the putative p53 binding site within the survivin promoter did not impair its repression. These observations raised the hypothesis that activation of an effector gene might be required for repression by p53. Strikingly, when the p53-inducible p21/CDKN1A gene was deleted, p53 no longer repressed any one among 11 genes that it down-regulates otherwise. Most of these genes were also repressed by ectopic p21 in the absence of p53. Overexpressed c-Myc reduced the transcription of p21/CDKN1A and impaired p53-mediated repression but did not abolish repression by ectopic p21. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that increased expression of p21/CDKN1A is necessary and sufficient for the negative regulation of gene expression by p53. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Single Cell Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Cell and Gene Therapy
    March 15-17, 2018 London,UK
  • Global Experts Meeting On Cell and Gene Therapy
    April 25-26, 2018 Dubai, UAE
  • 2nd Annual summit on Cell Metabolism 2018
    September 19 - 20, 2018 Philadelphia, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquaculture@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

biochemjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

clinicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineeringjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

nutritionjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

generalscience@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

geneticsmolbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immunomicrobiol@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

nursinghealthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuropsychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

pharmajournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords