alexa p21-activated protein kinase gamma-PAK is activated by ionizing radiation and other DNA-damaging agents. Similarities and differences to alpha-PAK.


Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Roig J, Traugh JA

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Abstract The p21-activated protein kinase gamma-PAK is activated 2-5-fold in response to ionizing radiation (IR) in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts and U937 leukemia cells. gamma-PAK is activated in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Doses from 1 to 100 Gy result in significant stimulation of activity at 30 min, whereas maximal stimulation is observed at 120 min after irradiation. UV (80 J/m(2)) and the DNA-damaging drugs cytosine beta-D-arabinofuranoside (AraC) and cis-platinum(II)diammine dichloride (cisplatin) also induce gamma-PAK activation. The activation of gamma-PAK in response to IR or AraC is dependent on tyrosine kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity, as demonstrated by use of the inhibitors genistein and wortmannin; in contrast activation of gamma-PAK by cisplatin and UV is not affected significantly by these inhibitors, suggesting that gamma-PAK can be activated by more than one pathway in response to different types of DNA damage. In contrast to gamma-PAK, alpha-PAK and JNK are activated only by cisplatin and UV in 3T3-L1 cells, suggesting differential regulation of the protein kinases. This is the first time that members of the Ste20/PAK family of protein kinases have been shown to be involved in the cellular response to IR and other DNA-damaging agents.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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