alexa p300 Regulates Liver Functions by Controlling p53 and C EBP Family Proteins through Multiple Signaling Pathways.
Genetics

Genetics

Single Cell Biology

Author(s): Breaux M, Lewis K, Valanejad L, Iakova P, Chen F,

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Abstract The histone acetyltransferase p300 has been implicated in the regulation of liver biology; however, molecular mechanisms of this regulation are not known. In this paper, we examined these mechanisms using transgenic mice expressing a dominant negative p300 molecule (dnp300). While dnp300 mice did not show abnormal growth within 1 year, these mice have many alterations in liver biology and liver functions. We found that the inhibition of p300 leads to the accumulation of heterochromatin foci in the liver of 2-month-old mice. Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis showed that this inhibition of p300 also causes alterations of gene expression in many signaling pathways, including chromatin remodeling, apoptosis, DNA damage, translation, and activation of the cell cycle. Livers of dnp300 mice have a high rate of proliferation and a much higher rate of proliferation after partial hepatectomy. We found that livers of dnp300 mice are resistant to CCl4-mediated injury and have reduced apoptosis but have increased proliferation after injury. Underlying mechanisms of resistance to liver injury and increased proliferation in dnp300 mice include ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated degradation of C/EBPα and translational repression of the p53 protein by the CUGBP1-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) repressor complex. Our data demonstrate that p300 regulates a number of critical signaling pathways that control liver functions. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol and referenced in Single Cell Biology

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