Author(s): Soulitzis N, Sourvinos G, Dokianakis DN, Spandidos DA
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Abstract p53 codon 72 Arg homozygosity has been associated with increased risk of developing cervical cancer. This association has been tested in various human cancers with controversial results. In the present study we investigated the impact of this polymorphism in a population-based case-control study of bladder cancer. Using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction to detect the p53 codon 72 polymorphism, we tested peripheral blood samples from 50 patients with bladder cancer and 99 healthy individuals of similar age and from the same geographical region. Tumor specimens from all bladder cancer patients were examined for the presence of human papilloma virus (HPV). The distribution of p53 alleles in bladder cancer patients and in controls was statistically significant (P<0.002; odds ratio, 2.67; 95\% confidence interval, 1.38-5.20), and homozygosity for arginine at residue 72 was associated with an increased risk for bladder cancer (P<0.00002; odds ratio, 4.69; 95\% confidence interval, 2.13-10.41). The presence of HPV was found in six of the 50 patients (12\%). This is the first study correlating p53 codon 72 polymorphism with bladder cancer. Our results provide evidence that this p53 polymorphism is implicated in bladder carcinogenesis and that individuals harboring the Arg/Arg genotype have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.
This article was published in Cancer Lett
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy